While Genesis concentrated
predominately upon the family of Abraham and his descendants, Exodus’ focus is
upon the “redemption” of a nation of chosen people – namely,
of Exodus was written by Moses (; 24:4;
34:27) as part of the “Law” or Pentateuch, one of the first five books
of the Torah and is included in the Old Testament cannon. It is believed that the Exodus took place
about 1446 BC (1 Kings 6:1). It clearly
points to God’s fulfillment of several promises and gives credibility to the
ones still to be fulfilled. Someday, if
we maintain our relationship with God while here on earth, we too will
experience a “
be split into two sections: the first
dealing with the historical aspects of the nation or “church” of
However, the blood that was sprinkled upon the altar, book and people could only assure the salvation of God’s people within the promise that Jesus would fulfill it upon the cross. God already knew that His people could not obey His laws. He had a plan from the beginning to assure His relationship with His people. God’s grace or gospel message is even sprinkled within the Law He gave them.
His presence is not simply a quiet and hidden event, but instead His presence is one of “spectacle” and a manifestation of His greatness. How amazing the faith of Moses, that he willingly trusted God’s invitation to join Him on the mountain. What fear and intrepidation most people would feel in the presence of God. It is here that God finalizes the covenant deal by putting His ‘laws” into writing. Offering two copies – as any good Jewish contract would (Exodus 31:18; 32:15-16; 34:1).
Moses was the “mediator” between God and man. Jesus was also the mediator for the New Covenant.
Just as interesting is the fact that the church celebrated a meal as part of the covenant. In 24:11, we see the “covenant meal” spoke about in Genesis (26:30; 31:54) being celebrated here also.
In both, it is God who inscribes the message of law on the tablet (and on our hearts) and prescribes Himself as the only fulfillment. For just as Moses attempted to “carry” God’s law (he too broke it coming down from God’s presence on the mountain), we are also not able to meet or maintain the glory of God. Only God can; God does it all.
As we experience glimpses of God’s glory in our life -- mountain top experiences – nothing will ever compare to the ultimate glory that will be ours on the “eternal mountain top,” heaven. I can imagine Moses telling God, “Do I have to go back? Can’t I just stay up here with you?” Who would want to leave the “glory” and presence of God?
Matthew (also called Levi) was originally a tax collector or “publican.” While himself a Jew, he specifically worked for the Roman government and therefore was hated by most Jews and was called a “sinner” or outcast (Matthew ,11; Mark ,16; Luke ).
Most scholars feel that Mathew was the first of the New
Testament gospels written possibly around 50-60 AD in
It is clearly an evangelical work with heavy emphasis on the grace and forgiveness of God available through believing in Jesus.
1. The "transfiguration" is the revelation of the _____________ of the Son of God. It will be fully revealed to us at the judgment.
2. There are just ___days between Peter's confession of faith in Matthew 16:13-20 and the transfiguration episode or ____ days total (including the first and last days) as is recorded by Luke . ____ days are often used to refer to a week in the Greek.
3. Peter, James and John are the same disciples who accompanied Jesus were very ____________ (Acts 3:1) and were present with Jesus at the healing of Jairus' daughter (Luke 8:51), at Gethsemane (Mark 14:33) and here.
We are not sure of where this took place, but in
Matthew , Peter's
Confession, it mentions Caesarea Philippi which was southwest of
5. Luke says the Jesus and the disciples went there to _____________.
6. Transfigured means that Jesus' appearance ____________. It is the climax of Christ's Epiphany (His revealing or "shining" on the world).
7. Transfigured comes from the Greek word "metamorphosis" which means to be changed in______________.
8. ________________ appearance was "like the sun", "white as light" (Matt. 17:2), "bright as a flash of lightning" (Luke ), and "dazzling white, whiter than anyone in the world could bleach them" (Mark 9:3).
9. ____________ represented the old covenant and the hope for a savior that Jesus fulfilled.
10. Malachi 4:5-6 calls ____________ the "restorer of all things."
11. This event symbolizes Jesus' fulfillment of His claim in Matthew 5:17. The Jews often referred to the scriptures as "The __________ and the Prophets." Together we have the Lawgiver, the Prophet and the fulfillment of them both, the Messiah.
12. The three talked about Jesus' ____________ or "departure". Exodus is the Greek word used in Luke 9:31.
13. __________ means "(my) teacher" in Hebrew.
14. Peter may have wanted to set up tents as a "place of meeting" as the Israelites did in the Old Testament. This was where God _______________ to His leaders. Check out Exodus 29:42.
15. Luke says Peter and his companions were "________________." Why is it whenever something significant happens to Jesus, the disciples want to fall asleep? What would we have done?
16. The ______________ of God the Father happens three times in the Gospels: at Jesus' Baptism (Luke ), here at His transfiguration, and also while Jesus visited the temple before His passion (John ).
The second epistle of Peter has been questioned for centuries as to whether Peter wrote it or possibly Jude. Some scholars have questioned its authorship, but its significance to the church is relevant.
The letter speaks specifically to “false teachers” whose way of life and cynicism about Christ’s return brought doubt to the church. The connection with the first epistle seems to be apparent as they both speak to the blessings God has given His church. In this letter, they are use these blessings to stand up against the wickedness of false teaching and the church is to look forward to the “glory” being prepared for them in heaven.
Note also that the words in verse 21 show us that God’s “inspiration” of scripture was not done as simply a “robot” cloning every word from God’s mouth. Instead, the verse implies a “cooperative effort:” God’s content; man’s syntax.
6. Cloud, fire
7. 40, 40
10. Obligation, Jesus’
2. 6, 8, 8