The Passion Week:

4/12/00 Glen Dawursk, Jr.

 

        Day One [Friday]: Arrives in Bethany -- John 12:1. Jesus spends time with Mary, Martha and Lazarus. Martha anoints Jesus' feet.

 

        Day Two [Saturday]: The Sabbath day. There is nothing recorded in the Gospel for this day.

 

      Day Three [Sunday]: Jesus rides into Jerusalem on a donkey -- Matthew 21:1-11.

 

      Day Four [Monday]: Jesus clears the temple -- Matthew 21:10-17.

 

      Day Five [Tuesday]: Jesus avoids the "traps" being set by the priests and teaches the people through parables. Jesus predicts His return -- Matthew 21:23-24:51.

 

      Day Six [Wednesday]: There is nothing recorded in the Gospel for this day other than being included in a count for the week -- Mark 14:1.

 

      Day Seven [Thursday] Lord's Supper: Luke 22:7-38

 

Passover Time

  1. In the Old Testament, "Passover" was held on the day of __________________ which is on the 14th day of Nisan between 3:30 and 5:30 PM. The week following the Passover Meal was called the "Feast of Unleavened Bread". During this week no leavened (raised) bread could be eaten. By Jesus time, the people interchanged the names. We remember the Last Supper (Passover) on the Thursday (Maundy) before Easter Sunday. Our _______________at communion are unleavened.
  2. It was unusual to see a ____________carrying a water jug (jar). This was usually reserved for woman.
  3. Of what importance was it that Jesus made arrangements for the last meal without telling the disciples?
  4. When did Judas leave the room? Check out John 13:26-30. Is Luke's story chronological?
  5. Is our wooden rendition of the Last Supper near our church altar accurate according to the scriptures?
  6. Jesus was the perfect Passover ______________ according to 1 Corinthians 5:7.
  7. Jesus' blood and body are literally in the Lord's Supper. They are _________ merely symbols and they don't magically become the body and blood when the pastor blesses them. They always were and are. How can this be? GSI,IBI,TSI!!!!! Check out John 6:53-56; 1 Corinthians 10:16; 1 Corinthians 11:27.
  8. All four ______________ give account of the Lord's Supper.

 

The following is taken from an article in "Focus On The Family" Magazine, March 1997. Sections are summarized or copied.

9.            During the Passover, the Jews celebrated freedom from bondage and deliverance from Egypt, but in Jesus time, it fueled a dangerous atmosphere. The Jews desired to be free from Roman bondage. ________________, the Roman fortress that housed Roman soldiers in Jerusalem was located in the north end of the Temple Mount. During Passover it was reinforced, as episodes involving bloodshed were not unusual.

10.       Many Nationalist Jews declared themselves as "_________________" and the Romans often killed them and their followers if they caused trouble.

11.       When Jesus entered Jerusalem, the people shouted "Hosanna" and shouted, "Please save us, O son of David!" (Matthew 21:9) In effect, they were proclaiming Jesus as a military and political ______________.

12.       The Jews wanted a warrior-messiah who like David, would triumph over the enemy. Hosanna, a nationalist chant had become a prayer for political deliverance. It meant, "Give me my ____________." It comes from the Jewish feast of Sukkot which included the prayer, Psalm 118:25-26.

13.       The Hebrew words are hosha meaning "_________" and na as in a sense of urgency. Thus, hosanna meant "Please save!" or "Help, please!" Finally, the palm, a symbol of Jewish identity had little to do with peace and love. Palm branches to Jews were like the Stars and Stripes to Americans.

 

           Day Seven Continued [Thursday]: -- Luke 22:39-46

 

 

14.        Matthew calls the place Gethsemane; John calls it simply an __________ grove (John 18:1). It probably was located on the lower slope of Mount ___________.

15.        What temptations was Jesus referring to?

16.        What is the "cup" Jesus refers to? Check out Matthew 10:22-23; Isaiah 15:17; Ezekiel 23:33.

17.        An Angel? The other Gospels do _______ mention an angel helping Jesus. However, at Jesus' temptation and period of fasting, Matthew and Mark mention angels "________________" to Jesus and Luke does not.

 

 

      Day Eight [Friday]: Pilot Condemns Jesus -- Luke 22:66-23-25;
Mark 15:1-20; Jesus' Death -- Luke
23:26-56

 

The following content is taken from an article in "Focus On The Family" Magazine, March 1997.
Sections are summarized or copied. The quiz layout is original.

 

The Lamb of God

  1. Jesus arrived in Jerusalem on the _______ day of the Passover -- the day the Passover lamb was chosen (Exodus 12:3).
  2. Traditionally, during the Passover, the daily sacrifice was slaughtered at ___:00 PM. At that time, the priest stood at the pinnacle of the temple and blew the shofar, or ram's horn.
  3. Jesus probably heard the shofar being blown on the day of Passover. When the knife slit the throat of the Passover lamb, Jesus probably looked up to heaven and said, "It is finished." And Jesus _________ at 3:00 PM.

 

Facts:

  1. The ______________ introduced crucifixion to Israel
  2. The Jews put people guilty of blasphemy and sexual immorality to death by _____________.
  3. The Romans crucified their victims at the _________ of a hill. So the condemned would be easily seen by passersby.
  4. The process of crucifixion was governed by rules which were intended to make the process as ____________ as possible and an example to others.

 

Roman Customs

  1. Roman crucifixion took place in a public location _____________ the city
    (Psalm 22:6-7,17)
  2. The Romans normally crucified people ____________ (Matthew 27:35)
    Romans preferred a cross in the shape of an upper-case T rather than a lower-case T. Crosses were quite low, only ___ to ___ feet off the ground (Matthew 27:48)
  3. The condemned person was nailed to the cross through the wrists and ankles. In John 20:27, the Greek word for "__________" refers to the part of the arm from the palm to the wrist. Evidence indicates that the spikes were driven through the bones of the arm where they join at the wrist.

 

Roman Procedures

28.    The Romans first _________ the condemned person, which often left the prisoner near death (John 19:1; Isaiah 53:5)

  1. The crossbar was tied to the prisoner's shoulders. He was paraded through the streets for humiliation and as an example (Psalm 22:6). A soldier carried a _________ indicating the crime the person had committed (John 19:16-19).
  2. At the place of execution, the prisoner's wrists were _____________ to the crossbar. The bar was lifted and placed on the stake, which was already in the ground. The condemned person's ankles were then nailed to the stake. Finally, the sign identifying the person's crime was attached to the stake. The prisoner, in excruciating pain, eventually died of asphyxiation and loss of blood (Psalm 22:14,16; John 19:19).
  3. Prisoners could remain _______________ for days. Sometimes the Roman soldiers shortened the prisoner's suffering by breaking his legs. Because his legs no longer supported the weight of his body, he suffocated faster. Jesus died without any broken bones (John 19:33; Exodus 12:46; Exodus 34:20).
  4. Roman solders kept the victim's _______________ (Matthew 27:35; Psalm 22:18).
  5. Prisoners could talk only in __________ bursts because of the stress on their diaphragms. As Jesus hung on the cross, His statements were short.

 

      Day 10: Burial & Resurrection - Luke 24:1-11

 

  1. The first day of the Jewish week was _____________ and it began at sundown on _____________.
  2. True or False: Tombs were ordinarily closed to keep animals and vandals away from the bodies. Jesus' grave was sealed by the Roman Guards for this reason.
  3. How many angels were there in the tomb? Read Matthew 28:2; Mark 16:5 _________ . Read Luke 24:4 & 23; John 20:12 __________. Note: It was not uncommon for a writer to report about only the "___________." Also, the posture of the messengers may have changed during the event.
  4. Jesus predicted His ____________ and _________________ often, but His followers did not understand .
  5. Was Judas alive at the time of Jesus' resurrection? YES NO
  6. In Luke 24: 9, the Eleven refers to the __________________.
  7. Who was the first to see the risen Savior? _________________________
  8. Who was Mary Magdalene? ____________________________
  9. Where was Jesus' mother when Mary Magdalene arrived at the tomb? ___________________

 

ANSWERS:

  1. Unleavened Bread , wafers
  2. Man
  3. Judas could not tell the soldiers where to go.
  4. He left the room before the breaking of the break; no it is not, John's account is
  5. Maybe not. It was common to "recline" or partially lie down when having a banquet. Judas is present.
  6. Lamb
  7. NOT
  8. Gospels
  9. Antonia
  10. Messiah's
  11. Savior.
  12. Freedom
  13. Save
  14. Olive, olive
  15. Check out verse 31
  16. The cup of suffering with the sin of all the world upon Him.
  17. Not, ministering -- Angels do strengthen us today -- see also Hebrews 1:14
  18. 10th
  19. 3
  20. Died
  21. Romans
  22. Stoning
  23. Base
  24. Painful
  25. Outside
  26. Naked, 5 to 6
  27. Hand
  28. Flogged
  29. Sign
  30. Nailed
  31. Conscious
  32. Possessions
  33. Short
  34. Sunday, Saturday
  35. False, See Matthew 27:62-66
  36. One, two, speaker
  37. Death, resurrection
  38. No
  39. Disciples minus Judas
  40. Mary Magdalene, John 20:13-18
  41. Read: Luke 8:2
  42. Probably with John. We don't know for sure.